Research Reports - Ongoing daytime behavioural problems in university students following childhood mild traumatic brain injury
Int J Rehabil Res. 2016 Mar;39(1):77-83. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000149.
Albicini MS(1), Lee J, McKinlay A.
Sleep is often disrupted in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may be related to
persistent behaviour problems; however, little is known about this relationship
in young adults. This study explored associations between TBI, behavioural
problems and sleep disturbances in 247 university students (197 non-TBI, 47 mild
TBI, two moderate TBI, one severe TBI) aged 18-25 years, who completed validated
measures for behaviour, sleep quality and history of TBI. Because of small group
numbers, participants reporting moderate to severe TBI were excluded from the
analyses. Results indicated that students with mild TBI reported higher levels of
daytime dysfunction, somatic complaints, withdrawal, other behavioural complaints
and internalizing behaviours compared with students with no TBI history. A
correlational analysis indicated a moderate relationship between the above
significant variables. Our results suggest that university students with a
history of mild TBI are more likely to experience certain ongoing daytime
behavioural problems, which are likely to negatively influence their academic
functioning in tertiary education. This study highlights the importance of
research on long-term problems following mild TBI in young adults aged 18-25
years - an age group often overlooked within the literature.