Research Reports - Depression, anxiety and quality-of-life among relatives of patients with severe brain injury: The acute phase

Brain Inj. 2012 May 30

Norup A, Welling KL, Qvist J, Siert L, Mortensen EL.

Primary objective: To investigate the emotional well-being of relatives of
patients with a severe brain injury in the acute setting, as well as risk factors
associated with high anxiety and depression scores and impaired quality-of-life.
Research design: Clinical convenience sample. Methods and procedures:
Participants included 45 relatives of patients with severe brain injury recruited
at a NICU. All relatives completed selected scales from the SCL-90-R and SF-36 ∼
14 days after injury. Data concerning the condition of the patient were also
collected. Main outcome and results: Of the relatives, 51% and 69% reported
anxiety and depression, respectively, as well as significantly impaired
quality-of-life compared to normal reference populations. Regression analysis
revealed that up to 20% of the variance in depression and anxiety scores could be
explained by the CRASH 2 Mortality prediction. Conclusions: The majority of the
relatives had severely impaired quality-of-life and symptoms of anxiety and
depression during the patient's NICU stay. Future research is required to explore
stressors and evaluate effects of psychological intervention in the acute
setting.

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