Research Reports - Premorbid personality characteristics and attachment style moderate the effect of injury severity on occupational outcome in traumatic brain injury

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2013 May 23

Sela-Kaufman M, Rassovsky Y, Agranov E, Levi Y, Vakil E

The concept of "reserve" has been proposed to account for the mismatch between
brain pathology and its clinical expression. Prior efforts to characterize this
concept focused mostly on brain or cognitive reserve measures. The present study
was a preliminary attempt to evaluate premorbid personality and emotional aspects
as potential moderators in moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. Using
structural equation modeling and multiple regression analyses, we found that
premorbid personality characteristics provided the most robust moderator of
injury severity on occupational outcome. Findings offer preliminary support for
premorbid personality features as another relevant reserve construct in
predicting outcome in this population.

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