Research Reports - Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy reduces symptoms of depression in people with a traumatic brain Injury

J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2013 Sep 18

Bédard M, Felteau M, Marshall S, Cullen N, Gibbons C, Dubois S, Maxwell H, Mazmanian D, Weaver B, Rees L, Gainer R, Klein R, Moustgaard A.

OBJECTIVE:: We sought to determine if we could reduce symptoms of depression in
individuals with a traumatic brain injury using mindfulness-based cognitive
therapy.
SETTING:: The study was conducted in a community setting.
PARTICIPANTS:: We enrolled adults with symptoms of depression after a traumatic
brain injury.
DESIGN:: We conducted a randomized controlled trial; participants were randomized
to the 10-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy intervention arm or to the
wait-list control arm.
MAIN MEASURES:: The primary outcome measure was symptoms of depression using the
Beck Depression Inventory-II.
RESULTS:: The parallel group analysis revealed a greater reduction in Beck
Depression Inventory-II scores for the intervention group (6.63, n = 38,) than
the control group (2.13, n = 38, P = .029). A medium effect size was observed
(Cohen d = 0.56). The improvement in Beck Depression Inventory-II scores was
maintained at the 3-month follow-up.
CONCLUSION:: These results are consistent with those of other researchers that
use mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to reduce symptoms of depression and
suggest that further work to replicate these findings and improve upon the
efficacy of the intervention is warranted.

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