Research Reports - Professional career, disability and dependence after acquired brain injury
Rev Neurol. 2013 Sep 16;57(6):241-50
Luna-Lario P, Blanco-Beregana M, Tirapu-Ustarroz J, Ojeda N, Mata-Pastor I
AIMS. The purpose of the current study is to analyze the labor trajectory, grade
of disability and degree of dependence recognized in a group of people with
acquired brain injury with difference types and severity of injuries and with
memory deficit as the main cognitive sequel, over a period of two years after the
injury and to explore which premorbid clinical and demographic variables related
to the brain injury are predictors of the return to work. PATIENTS AND METHODS.
129 subjects (aged 18-80 years), who were attended by the Neuropsychology and
Neuropsychiatry Department of Navarra's Hospital. Qualitative variables were
compared using the Chi square test and means were compared using Student t test
and to determine the correlation between continuing variables we used Pearson's
correlation coefficient. RESULTS. 17.7% returned to work one year after and 25%
two years after. The return to work was related to high levels of education.
Disability was recognized by 85% of applicants, to psychological factors or
physical and psychological in 89% of them. In 77% of applicants was recognized
the level of dependence. CONCLUSIONS. Results confirm the big impact of acquired
brain injury on the career path two years later, in their interaction with their
environment and in their level of independence. One of the factors that explain
this impact is the memory deficits.