Research Reports - Use of internal strategies as a memory compensation technique after brain injury

J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2015 Aug 19. [Epub ahead of print]

OʼNeil-Pirozzi TM(1), Kennedy MR, Sohlberg MM.

OBJECTIVE: To complete a systematic review of internal memory strategy use with
people who have brain injury and provide practitioners with information that will
impact their clinical work.
METHODS: A systematic literature search to identify published intervention
studies that evaluated an internal memory strategy or technique to improve memory
function of individuals with brain injury. Relevant data from reviewed articles
were coded using 4 clinical questions targeting participants, interventions,
research methods, and outcomes.
RESULTS: A comprehensive search identified 130 study citations and abstracts.
Forty-six met inclusion/exclusion criteria and were systematically reviewed.
Visual imagery was most frequently studied, in isolation or in combination with
other internal strategies. Despite significant variability in research methods
and outcomes across studies, the evidence provides impetus for use of internal
memory strategies with individuals following brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with traumatic brain injury may benefit from internal
memory strategy use, and clinicians should consider internal memory strategy
instruction as part of intervention plans. Further research needs to better
delineate influences on intervention candidacy and outcomes.

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