Research Reports - The feasibility and impact of a yoga pilot programme on the quality-of-life of adults with acquired brain injury

Brain Inj. 2016 Dec 12:1-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Donnelly KZ(1), Linnea K(2), Grant DA(3), Lichtenstein J(2).

OBJECTIVE: This pilot study measured the feasibility and impact of an 8-week yoga
programme on the quality-of-life of adults with acquired brain injury (ABI).
METHODS: Thirty-one adults with ABI were allocated to yoga (n = 16) or control (n
= 15) groups. Participants completed the Quality of Life After Brain Injury
(QOLIBRI) measure pre- and post-intervention; individuals in the yoga group also
rated programme satisfaction. Mann-Whitney/Wilcoxon and the Wilcoxon Signed Rank
tests were used to evaluate between- and within-group differences for the total
and sub-scale QOLIBRI scores, respectively.
RESULTS: No significant differences emerged between groups on the QOLIBRI pre- or
post-intervention. However, there were significant improvements on overall
quality-of-life and on Emotions and Feeling sub-scales for the intervention group
only. The overall QOLIBRI score improved from 1.93 (SD = 0.27) to 2.15 (SD =
0.34, p = 0.01). The mean Emotions sub-scale increased from 1.69 (SD = 0.40) to
2.01 (SD = 0.52, p = 0.01), and the mean Feeling sub-scale from 2.1 (SD = 0.34)
to 2.42 (SD = 0.39, p = 0.01).
CONCLUSION: Adults with ABI experienced improvements in overall quality-of-life
following an 8-week yoga programme. Specific improvements in self-perception and
negative emotions also emerged. High attendance and satisfaction ratings support
the feasibility of this type of intervention for people with brain injury. 

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