Research Reports - Expression of masculine identity in individuals with a traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 2017 Jul 7:1-10. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1332389. [Epub ahead of
print]

Keegan LC(1), Togher L(2), Murdock M(1), Hendry E(1).

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to examine and describe how four males
with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) use language to negotiate their masculine
identities.
RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative research methods were employed with a 'case study'
design that allows for a detailed description of the cases, and the interactions
examined.
METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The tools of inquiry applied included a topic analysis,
as well as linguistic analysis methods that incorporated the theory of Systemic
Functional Linguistics. Such tools were employed in the analysis of 12, two-hour
group treatment sessions in order to describe how linguistic choices contributed
to the construction of a masculine identity in communicative interactions.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Although all participants had significant difficulties
with cognitive communication, they all demonstrated an ability to use language to
assert their masculine identities. Results revealed that prominent topics used to
assert masculinity included confidence, women, risk-taking behaviour and
interests and that expressions of masculinity often occurred in giving
information roles and involved appraisal and modality.
CONCLUSIONS: The results have implications for the development of rehabilitation
interventions for social communication that provide individuals with TBI with the
linguistic tools and communication opportunities necessary in order to
successfully express identity and reveal masculinity. 

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