Research Reports - Is there a correlation between family functioning and functional recovery in patients with acquired brain injury?

Applied Nursing Research
Volume 41, June 2018, Pages 11–14

Maria Grazia Maggio, PsyDa, Rosaria De Luca, PhDa, Michele Torrisi, PsyDa, Maria Cristina De Cola, MStata, Antonio Buda, PTa, Mariagrazia Rosano, PsyDb, Enrico Visani, PsyDc
Objective

This study aims to evaluate the possible correlation between the family aspects and the patients' functional outcomes after rehabilitation.

Methods

Fifteen patient-caregiver pairs were enrolled in the study. All the patients were assessed by using specific neuropsychological and functional scales, including the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, before and after treatment.

Results

The results reveal that when the caregiver is the son or the spouse (p = 0,71), the perception of the emotional and physical burden is stronger, while the scores related to the burden were lower in the presence of other kinds of relationship. The family functioning seems to be connected to the burden level for the caregivers. Furthermore, there is a significant correlation between the improvements observed in the patients during their rehabilitative training and the family dynamics.

Conclusions

in our opinion, the family plays a key role in allowing a suitable compliance of the patient to the treatments, and supports the processes of adaptive reorganization.

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