Research Reports - Inhibitory control after traumatic brain injury in children

Int J Dev Neurosci. 2012 May;30(3):207-15

Sinopoli KJ, Dennis M

Inhibitory control describes a number of distinct processes. Effortless
inhibition refers to acts of control that are automatic and reflexive. Effortful
inhibition refers to voluntary, goal-directed acts of control such as response
flexibility, interference control, cancellation inhibition, and restraint
inhibition. Disruptions to a number of inhibitory control processes occur as a
consequence of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). This paper reviews the
current knowledge of inhibition deficits following childhood TBI, and includes an
overview of the inhibition construct and a discussion of the specific deficits
shown by children and adolescents with TBI and the factors that mediate the
expression of these deficits, including injury-related variables and the
expression of pre- and post-injury attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The
review illustrates that inhibitory control processes differ in terms of
measurement, assessment, and neurological underpinnings, and also that childhood
TBI may selectively disrupt particular forms of inhibition.

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