Research Reports - Prevalence of sleep disturbances, disorders, and problems following traumatic brain injury: A meta-analysis

Sleep Med. 2012 Jun 15

Mathias JL, Alvaro PK

BACKGROUND: Sleep is often disrupted following a traumatic brain injury (TBI),
which may compromise recovery and quality of life. Prevalence rates vary widely,
reflecting differences in the criteria and measures that are used to assess
sleep, as well as sample differences. This meta-analysis examined the prevalence
of general and specific, and formally and informally diagnosed, sleep
disturbances following TBI in order to establish the nature and extent of these
sequelae and their potential impact on recovery. METHODS: Data from 21 studies,
which assessed (1) sleep disturbances, regardless of type or severity, (2)
diagnosed sleep disorders, and (3) specific sleep problems following TBI, were
analyzed and compared to data for the general population. RESULTS: Overall, 50%
of people suffered from some form of sleep disturbance after a TBI and 25-29% had
a diagnosed sleep disorder (insomnia, hypersomnia, apnea) - rates that are much
higher than those seen in the general population. They were also two to four
times more likely to experience problems with sleep maintenance and efficiency,
nightmares, excessive sleepiness, early awakenings, and sleep walking.
CONCLUSION: Sleep disturbances are very common after TBI and have the potential
to seriously undermine patient rehabilitation, recovery, and outcomes; making it
important to routinely screen for such problems in order to assess both treatment
needs and their potential impact on recovery and outcome.

« Back to Special Reports

Contact Us

We will gladly answer all or your questions about rehabilitation at Centre for Neuro Skills.


phone 1.800.922.4994
or Request a Callback

brain injury store

free brain injury newsletter

why choose cns for brain injury rehabilitation

brain injury newsletter

brain injury store