Research Reports - Self-reported health and influence on life situation 5-8 years after paediatric traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 2012 Jun 21

Renström B, Söderman K, Domellöf E, Emanuelson I

Primary objective: During childhood, the central nervous system is in a state of
rapid development which can be interrupted by a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
This study aimed to describe if and how TBI during childhood influences health
and life situation, 5-8 years later. Research design: A case-control
retrospective design was employed for the assessment of 61 adolescents and young
adults with a mild, moderate or severe TBI and 229 matched controls from a
normative group (16-24 years). Methods and procedures: SF-36 (Short Form 36
health survey) and a self-reported questionnaire measuring life situation were
distributed to youths suffering TBI 5-8 years ago. Forty-five youths (74%)
completed the questionnaires. Main outcomes and results: Participants with a TBI
stated lower self-estimated health compared with the normative group. Remaining
self-reported symptoms were physical and cognitive. Negative effects of TBI
influencing school results, leisure activities and thoughts about future life
situation were also described. Conclusion: Young individuals experience sustained
negative effects of childhood TBI on health and life situation. More research is
necessary to detect, understand and properly support these youths.

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