Research Reports - Depression and anxiety in parent versus spouse caregivers of adult patients with traumatic brain injury

Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2013 Jan;23(1):1-18

Ennis N, Rosenbloom BN, Canzian S, Topolovec-Vranic J

A systematic review of studies which evaluated depression and anxiety in parent
versus spouse caregivers of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was
conducted. Demographic variables of the TBI patients and caregivers, study
design, measurement tools used, and outcomes reported were collected. Twenty-four
studies met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated for methodological quality.
While the majority of studies revealed no significant differences between
caregiver types on measures of depression and/or anxiety, there was a great deal
of variation in methodology and quality between the studies. Overall, high levels
of caregiver distress were exposed, regardless of caregiver type (parent versus
spouse). There is a need for qualitative and quantitative research designs in
order to elucidate the factors that put caregivers at risk for depression and

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