Research Reports - Predicting adult offending behavior for individuals who experienced a traumatic brain injury during childhood

J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2013 Nov 20

McKinlay A, Grace RC, McLellan T, Roger D, Clarbour J, Macfarlane MR

OBJECTIVES:: To examine whether individuals who experienced a childhood traumatic
brain injury (TBI) are at increased risk for subsequent offending behavior, to
identify the emotional characteristics of adults who experienced childhood TBI,
and to examine whether these predict offending behavior.
PARTICIPANTS:: Individuals from the Canterbury region who had experienced a
childhood (<18 years of age) injury event and were now 18 years or older and more
than 5 years postinjury (between 18 and 30 years of age). Three groups were
formed: (1) moderate/severe TBI (n = 62); (2) mild TBI (n = 58); and (3) fracture
control group (n = 38).
SETTING:: University of Canterbury.
MAIN MEASURES:: A semistructured interview assessed lifetime involvement in
offending behavior; the Emotional Behavior Scale measured internalizing and
externalizing behaviors, including malevolent aggression, social anxiety, and
social self-esteem.
RESULTS:: Compared with controls, there was an increased risk of offending
behavior (mild TBI: odds ratio = 8.7; moderate/severe TBI odds ratio = 20.4).
Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the strongest predictors of
offending behavior were TBI status, higher levels of malevolent aggression, and
age at injury.
CONCLUSIONS:: Individuals who experienced childhood TBI are at increased risk of
offending behavior. Emotional behavior measures were useful predictors of
offending behavior, offering opportunity for intervention.

« Back to Special Reports

Contact Us

We will gladly answer all or your questions about rehabilitation at Centre for Neuro Skills.


phone 1.800.922.4994
or Request a Callback

brain injury store

free brain injury newsletter

why choose cns for brain injury rehabilitation

brain injury newsletter

brain injury store