Research Reports - Balance function and sensory integration after mild traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 2014 Sep 29:1-6

Lin LF(1), Liou TH, Hu CJ, Ma HP, Ou JC, Chiang YH, Chiu WT, Tsai SH, Chu WC

Abstract Objective: This study examined the disparities in balance functions and
sensory integration in patients with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and
healthy controls. Participants: One hundred and seven patients with mTBI and 107
age- and sex-matched controls were recruaited for this study. Primary measures:
Symptoms of dizziness, balance functions and the ability to perform daily
activities were assessed using the dizziness handicap inventory (DHI). This study
also performed the postural-stability test and a modified clinical test of
sensory integration by using the Biodex Stability System (BBS). Results: DHI
scores (functional, emotional, physical and total self-reported scores) were
substantially increased in patients following an mTBI compared with the scores of
the controls (p < 0.000). The postural-stability test indices
(anterior-posterior) (p = 0.045) and the sensory-integration test index
(eyes-open-firm-surface index) (p = 0.006) were substantially lower in patients
with mTBI than in the controls. However, indices of two other postural-stability
test indices (overall and medial-lateral) and three other sensory-integration
tests indices (eyes-closed-firm-surface, eyes-open-foam-surface and
eyes-closed-foam-surface) measured for the mTBI group did not differ from those
of the control group. Conclusion: Activities of daily living, balance in postural
stability and sensory integration were strongly impaired in patients with mTBI.

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