Research Reports - Feasibility and results of a case study of yoga to improve physical functioning in people with chronic traumatic brain injury

Disabil Rehabil. 2015 Jul 27:1-7

Schmid AA(1), Miller KK, Van Puymbroeck M, Schalk N

PURPOSE: The purpose of this mixed-methods case study was to investigate whether
an 8-week 1:1 yoga program was feasible and beneficial to people with traumatic
brain injury (TBI).
METHOD: This was a mixed-methods case study of one-to-one yoga for people with
TBI included three people. We completed assessments before and after the 8-week
yoga intervention and included measures of balance, balance confidence, pain,
range of motion, strength and mobility. Qualitative interviews were included at
the post-assessment. We include a percent change calculation and salient quotes
that represent the perceived impact of the yoga intervention.
RESULTS: All participants completed the yoga intervention and all demonstrated
improvements in physical outcome measures. For the group, balance increased by
36%, balance confidence by 39%, lower extremity strength by 100% and endurance by
105%. Qualitative data support the use of yoga to improve multiple aspects of
physical functioning, one participant stated: "I mean it's rocked my world. It's
changed my life. I mean all the different aspects. I mean physically,
emotionally, mentally, it's given me you know my life back…".
CONCLUSIONS: Yoga, delivered in a one-to-one setting, appears to be feasible and
beneficial to people with chronic TBI. Implications for Rehabilitation Chronic
traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to many aspects of physical functioning
impairment. Yoga delivered in a one-to-one setting may be feasible and beneficial
for people with chronic TBI.

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