Research Reports - Prospective memory 7 years after severe childhood traumatic brain injury

Dev Neurorehabil. 2016 Dec 23:1-6. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2016.1265605. [Epub
ahead of print]

Krasny-Pacini A(1,)(2,)(3,)(4), Francillette L(5), Toure H(6), Brugel D(5,)(6),
Laurent-Vannier A(5,)(6), Meyer P(7), Evans J(8), Chevignard M(3,)(4,)(5).

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term outcome in prospective memory (PM), seven
years after childhood severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), in a prospective
longitudinal cohort.
PARTICIPANTS: 76 young individuals (aged 7-22 years): 39 patients with a severe
accidental TBI included prospectively seven years earlier, aged 0-15 years at
injury, and 37 controls individually matched on age, gender and parental
education.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three novel short PM tasks varying in the delay,
motivation and context (ecological versus paper and pencil task).
RESULTS: Individuals with severe TBI showed significantly poorer PM than matched
controls in the two low-motivation PM tasks: (1) the ecological long-delay task
consisting of sending a letter on a rainy day (p=0.047, odds ratio = 2.6); (2)
the non-ecological short-delay task consisting of taking off post-its while
identifying facial emotions (p=0.004, r=0.34). Differences in PM on the high
motivation were not significant. PM is impaired several years post severe TBI. 

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