Research Reports - Interpersonal relatedness and psychological functioning following traumatic brain injury

J Marital Fam Ther. 2012 Jul;38(3):556-67

Bay EH, Blow AJ, Yan XE

Recovery from a mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a challenging
process for injured persons and their families. Guided by attachment theory, we
investigated whether relationship conflict, social support, or sense of belonging
were associated with psychological functioning. Community-dwelling persons with
TBI (N = 75) and their relatives/significant others (N = 74) were surveyed on
relationship variables, functional status, and TBI symptom severity. Results from
this cross-sectional study revealed that only sense of belonging was a
significant predictor of postinjury psychological functioning, although
interpersonal conflict approached significance. No relevant preinjury or
injury-related variables impacted these relationships, except marital status. Our
findings suggest that interventions targeting strengthening the injured persons'
sense of belonging and lowering interpersonal conflict may benefit those living
with TBI.

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