Research Reports - Psychological characteristics in acute mild traumatic brain injury

Appl Neuropsychol Adult. 2016 May 4:1-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Gass CS(1), Rogers D(2), Kinne E(3).

The psychological characteristics of acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) have
received limited research focus, despite empirical evidence of their relevance
for subsequent psychological adjustment and early therapeutic intervention. This
study addressed a wide range of psychological features in 47 individuals who were
hospitalized as a result of acute mild TBI (mTBI). Participants were screened
from amongst consecutive TBI admissions for moderate to severe brain injury, and
for pre-injury neurological, psychiatric, or substance abuse histories. Clinical
and content scale scores on the MMPI-2 were explored in relation to patient
gender, age, level of education, and extent of cognitive complaints. The results
revealed diverse psychosocial problem areas across the sample, the most common of
which were somatic and cognitive complaints, compromised insight, and a naively
optimistic self-perception. The mediating roles of injury severity and
demographic variables are discussed. Clinical implications and specific
recommendations are presented. 

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