Research Reports - Partners of patients with acute brain injury: Anxiety and depression in the acute and sub-acute phase

Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2012 Jun 14

Balck F, Dinkel A

There are only few studies that deal with psychological distress in short-term
carers of patients with acute brain injuries. We investigated the prevalence of
anxiety and depression in partners (N=70) of patients with traumatic brain injury
(TBI) or subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAB). Furthermore, we analysed the influence
of injury-related, personal, and contextual factors on psychological distress.
Partners were interviewed, on average, 40,3 days (SD=15,7, Range 12-85) after the
patient's brain injury. They filled out the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Moderate to severe anxiety was prevalent in
30,0% of the partners, and 14,3% experienced significant depression. Partners of
patients low in functional capacity exhibited a higher level of depression. Women
were more distressed than men. Additional burden due to psychosocial background
stress, acute care of the patient, and daily visits were associated with higher
psychological distress.

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